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题文
Do you know something about the Akuapem people? They live in eastern Ghana (加纳), where the sunshine hugs all the time. They are very friendly. Now let’s have a look at how the Akuapem people receive a visitor.
A visitor is often welcomed warmly in a family of Akuapem. After the visitor is welcomed into the house, he is offered a seat and water at the very beginning, for the host (主人) thinks that the visitor must have come from a very long trip and is in need of water. Then the host family greet the visitor by saying “Akwaaba.” More interestingly, if there is a group of visitors, the host will greet the visitors from right to left. And the host shakes only with his right hand, because the left hand is regarded dirty according to the Akuapem people.
Next, the visitor is asked how his trip was and why he has come. While the conversation is going on, the wife and children, especially girls, are cooking food for the visitor. The visitor can choose the food. After the visitor has finished eating, the host and the visitor continue their conversation. Usually this is a short one since the visitor is getting ready to say goodbye.
When the visitor is leaving, he is often given some food to take along. He is also accompanied (陪伴) by one of the children to the nearest station. The child who accompanies the visitor will not come back home until the visitor leaves safely.
No matter if he is a close friend or just a passer-by (过路人), this is always the way that the friendly Akuapem people receive a visitor.
B)阅读表达。阅读第I卷第三大题D篇短文,根据短文内容回答下列问题。(共5小题,计10分)
小题1:What is the visitor offered at first by the family of Akuapem?
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小题2:Why does the host shake only with his right hand?
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小题3:Who are cooking food while the host is chatting with the visitor?
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小题4:When will the child who accompanies the visitor to the station come back home?
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小题5:What does the article mainly talk about?
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题型:阅读理解难度:中档来源:不详
答案

小题1:A seat and water.
小题2:Because the left had is regarded dirty according to the Akuapem people.
小题3:The wife and children, especially girls.
小题4:After the visitor leaves safely. (The child who accompanies the visitor to the station won’t come back home until the visitor leaves safely.)
小题5:How the Akuapem people receive a visitor. (The way that the friendly Akuapem people receive a visitor. )

试题分析:短文大意:这篇短文主要介绍了加纳的阿跨佩姆族人的待客之道。
小题1:细节理解题。根据After the visitor is welcomed into the house, he is offered a seat and water at the very beginning, 描述,可知答:A seat and water.
小题2:根据And the host shakes only with his right hand, because the left hand is regarded dirty according to the Akuapem people.描述,可知答:Because the left had is regarded dirty according to the Akuapem people.
小题3:根据While the conversation is going on, the wife and children, especially girls, are cooking food for the visitor.描述,可知答:The wife and children, especially girls.
小题4:根据The child who accompanies the visitor will not come back home until the visitor leaves safely.描述,可知答:After the visitor leaves safely. (The child who accompanies the visitor to the station won’t come back home until the visitor leaves safely.)
小题5:阅读短文可知,本文主要讲述了Akuapem 人如何接待客人。故答:How the Akuapem people receive a visitor. (The way that the friendly Akuapem people receive a visitor. )
据魔方格专家权威分析,试题“Do you know something about the Akuapem people? They live i..”主要考查你对  政治经济类阅读  等考点的理解。关于这些考点的“档案”如下:
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政治经济类阅读
考点名称:政治经济类阅读
  • 政治经济类阅读:
    该类文章时代气息浓郁,语言鲜活,但熟字新义词、超纲词及专业词语多,长句、难句多。
    政治类文章大多数是同学们感性趣的内容,读起来倒有似曾相识的感觉,经济类文章读起来就像是雾里看花,文章看完,一头雾水。
    再加之这类文章的命题侧重于词义猜测、推理判断和文章主旨,同学们对这类题材是望而生畏。
  • 政治经济类阅读注意:
    1、要做好这类阅读,平时就要注意了解国内外发生的政治经济大事,掌握一定背景知识;
    2、对这类文章的叙述特点及内容安排有一定了解,还要扩展这方面的词汇;
    3、阅读这类文章,要抓住文章的核心,即文章整体和各段主要在说什么,也要注意段落之间的逻辑关系。

    政治经济类阅读技巧:
    针对不同体裁的文章,我们要采取相应的阅读方法和技巧。政治类文章多采用记叙文形式,我们可采取“顺读法”,以便抓关键语句,领会文章主旨;而经济类文章则多采用说明文形式,我们则可以采取“逆读法”,先读试题,再从文章中查找有用信息。若遇到的确难读的材料。
    1. 寻找主干:
    根据英语中五种基本句型结构,把句子中的主语、谓语、宾语、表语等主要成分找出来,其他成分如定语、状语、补语等则易于理解。找到了句子主干,句子的意思至少明白了一半。
    2. 剔除从句:
    在一个长句中可能会出现若干个从句,在理解时,如果把各个从句剔除出来单独理解,然后把大意拼凑起来,整个长句的意思就会明白六、七分。
    3. 辨别分句:
    一个长句如果是由几个并列、转折、递进、对比关系的分句组成,句中往往有表示这些分句关系的连接词,只要能弄清楚分句和分句之间的逻辑关系,再把各层分句的意思加以连贯,整个长句的句意基本上能跃然脑中。
    4. 寻找关键词:
    如果一个句子看完,一点句意的感觉也没有,下下策就是抓住句中的关键词,通过关键词大体弄懂这个长句的意思。

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