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题文
Here are two amazing shops from the world.
One of the most famous department stores in New York City is Macy's.There are over 850 Macy's stores all over the US, but the flagship store is in Herald Square,Manhattan---just around the corner from the Empire State Building. Interestingly, Rowland Macy, the company founder ( 创始人 ), opened his first shops between 1843 and 1855, but they weren't   successful. However, Macy learned from his mistakes, and in 1858 he moved to New York. He opened his first New York store on October 18, 1858 and was immediately successful. Macy's is especially famous for its Thanksgiving Day Parade, which marks the beginning of the Christmas season.
One of the oldest shops in London is Fortnum & Mason.
It was founded by William Fortnum and Hugh Mason in
1707 in central London. Originally, the shop only sold food, but these days, it sells all kinds of other things including clothes, books and games. It has the "Gentleman's  Department" on the top floor, a famous tea shop and several restaurants. The business started out small, but in 1761, William Fortnum’s grandson, Charles, went to work for Queen Charlotte. As a result, the royals ( 皇家 )  started shopping there and continues to now. In fact, Queen Elizabeth visited Fortnum's last year. Fortnum's is really famous for its hampers, which are baskets of food. There are picnic hampers and Christmas hampers that are full of wines and Christmas food. They are extremely popular, but also expensive and can cost up to £25.000.

根据材料内容选择最佳答案,并将其标号涂在答题卡相应位置。
小题1: How old is the store Macy's which was first opened in New York?
A.60.B.158.C.155.D.160.
小题2: What made Rowland Macy's shops successful?
A.He moved to New York.
B.He opened a flagship store.
C.He began Christmas season.
D.He learned from his mistakes.
小题3:What did Fortnum & Mason use to sell?
A.Food.B.Books.
C.Games.D.Clothes.
小题4:. Which of the following is NOT true?
A.Fortnum & Mason used to be a small shop.
B.The hampers from Fortnum & Mason are popular but expensive.
C.Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade means the beginning of Christmas season.
D.William Fortnum worked for Queen Elizabeth.
小题5:Where is this passage possibly from?
A.A music magazine.B.A clothes ad.
C.A sports poster.D.A fashion guidebook.
题型:阅读理解难度:中档来源:不详
答案

小题1:C
小题2:D
小题3:A
小题4:D
小题5:D

试题解析:本文大意:纽约最著名的商店是梅西百货,全美有850多家连锁店,但第一家是在曼哈顿,就在帝国大厦的拐角处。它的创始人在1843-1855年开了他的第一家店,但并不成功,后来移到纽约,吸取了原来的经验,一举成功。伦敦最古老的店是福特纳姆和玛森,1707年始创于伦敦,最初是卖食品的,但在1761年, William Fortnum的孙子,查尔斯,为夏洛特女王工作,皇家的人去那儿购物,一直到现在。
小题1:细节理解题。根据He opened his first New York store on October 18, 1858 and was immediately successful. 1858年10月18日他开了他的第一个纽约店,马上就成功了,可知选C
小题2:细节理解题。根据Macy learned from his mistakes, 马西吸取了他的教训,可知选D
小题3:细节理解题。根据 Originally, the shop only sold food,最初,商店只卖食品,可知选A
小题4:推理判断题。根据but in 1761, William Fortnum’s grandson, Charles, went to work for Queen Charlotte.但在1761年, William Fortnum的孙子,查尔斯,为夏洛特女王工作,可知选D
小题5:推理判断题。根据Here are two amazing shops from the world.这里是两个世界上令人吃惊的商店,可知选D
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政治经济类阅读
考点名称:政治经济类阅读
  • 政治经济类阅读:
    该类文章时代气息浓郁,语言鲜活,但熟字新义词、超纲词及专业词语多,长句、难句多。
    政治类文章大多数是同学们感性趣的内容,读起来倒有似曾相识的感觉,经济类文章读起来就像是雾里看花,文章看完,一头雾水。
    再加之这类文章的命题侧重于词义猜测、推理判断和文章主旨,同学们对这类题材是望而生畏。
  • 政治经济类阅读注意:
    1、要做好这类阅读,平时就要注意了解国内外发生的政治经济大事,掌握一定背景知识;
    2、对这类文章的叙述特点及内容安排有一定了解,还要扩展这方面的词汇;
    3、阅读这类文章,要抓住文章的核心,即文章整体和各段主要在说什么,也要注意段落之间的逻辑关系。

    政治经济类阅读技巧:
    针对不同体裁的文章,我们要采取相应的阅读方法和技巧。政治类文章多采用记叙文形式,我们可采取“顺读法”,以便抓关键语句,领会文章主旨;而经济类文章则多采用说明文形式,我们则可以采取“逆读法”,先读试题,再从文章中查找有用信息。若遇到的确难读的材料。
    1. 寻找主干:
    根据英语中五种基本句型结构,把句子中的主语、谓语、宾语、表语等主要成分找出来,其他成分如定语、状语、补语等则易于理解。找到了句子主干,句子的意思至少明白了一半。
    2. 剔除从句:
    在一个长句中可能会出现若干个从句,在理解时,如果把各个从句剔除出来单独理解,然后把大意拼凑起来,整个长句的意思就会明白六、七分。
    3. 辨别分句:
    一个长句如果是由几个并列、转折、递进、对比关系的分句组成,句中往往有表示这些分句关系的连接词,只要能弄清楚分句和分句之间的逻辑关系,再把各层分句的意思加以连贯,整个长句的句意基本上能跃然脑中。
    4. 寻找关键词:
    如果一个句子看完,一点句意的感觉也没有,下下策就是抓住句中的关键词,通过关键词大体弄懂这个长句的意思。

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