当前位置:魔方格英语强调句>(2013·上海模拟)It was hurricane Sandy, a destructive storm, ..
题文
(2013·上海模拟)It was hurricane Sandy, a destructive storm, in October
destroyed the east coast of the United States.
A.when B.which
C.that D.it
题型:单选题难度:偏易来源:不详
答案
C
选C。考查强调句型。被强调部分hurricane Sandy, a destructive storm, in October为主语。
据魔方格专家权威分析,试题“(2013·上海模拟)It was hurricane Sandy, a destructive storm, ..”主要考查你对  强调句  等考点的理解。关于这些考点的“档案”如下:
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强调句
考点名称:强调句
  • 强调句的概念:

    强调句 (The Emphatic Pattern) 是一种修辞,是人们为了表达自己的意愿或情感而使用的一种形式。通过各种方式对句子中的某个部分进行强调,从而起到修辞的作用。英语常用的强调结构有:It is (was)+被强调部分(主语、宾语或状语)+that/who...;what…be…句型;

  • 强调句的使用:

    一、强调句句型:
    1、用It is/was...that/who...句型表示强调。
    (1)陈述句的强调句型:It is/was+被强调部分(通常是主语、宾语或状语)+that/who(当强调主语且主语指人)+其它部分。
    e.g. It was yesterday that he met Li Ping.
    (2)一般疑问句的强调句型:同上,只是把is/was提到it前面。
    e.g. Was it yesterday that he met Li Ping?
    (3)特殊疑问句的强调句型:被强调部分(通常是疑问代词或疑问副词)+is/was+it+that/who+其它部分?
    e.g. When and where was it that you were born?
    注:被强调的部分(通常是句子的主语、状语、宾语或宾语补足语)放在is/was的后面,如被强调的是人,则后面可用who,whom等代替。
    如:原句:He met an old friend in the park yesterday.  
            强调主语:It was he who/that met an old friend in the park yesterday.
            强调宾语:It was an old friend that/who he met in the park yesterday. 
            强调地点状语:It was in the park that he met an old friend yesterday. 
            强调时间状语:It was yesterday that he met an old friend in the park.
    2、用助动词do, does或did来强调谓语动词。
    如:Do come early. 
            He did send you a letter last week.
            We're pleased that she does intend to come.
    3、用主语从句+be+被强调部分,主语从句常用what引导。
    如:What John wants is a ball.
            What Mary does every day is(to) give piano lessons.  

    二、not...until...句型的强调句:
    1、句型为:It is/was not until+被强调部分+that+其它部分:
    e.g. 普通句:He didn't go to bed until/till his wife came back. 
           强调句:It was not until his wife came back that he went to bed.
    2、注意:此句型只用until,不用till。但如果不是强调句型,till, until可通用;
    因为句型中It is/was not...已经是否定句了,that后面的从句要用肯定句,切勿再用否定句了。

    三、谓语动词的强调:
    1、It is/was...that...结构不能强调谓语,如果需要强调谓语时,用助动词do/does或did。
    e.g. Do sit down.务必请坐。
          He did write to you last week. 上周他确实给你写了信。
          Do be careful when you cross the street. 过马路时,务必(千万)要小心啊!
    2、注意:此种强调只用do/does和did,没有别的形式;过去时用did,后面的谓语动词用原形。 

  • 使用强调句型有以下几点请注意:

    ①强调句的谓语is或was永远用单数。
    如:It was yesterday that I met your father in the street.
    ②不管被强调部分是哪种状语,只能用that连接,不得使用where、when等连词。
    如:It was in the street that I met your father yesterday.
    ③被强调部分为人时,可用who(主格或宾格)和whom(宾格)代替that,用that也行。
    如:It was your father that/whom/who I met in the street yesterday.
            It was I that/who met your father in the street yesterday.
    ④强调句中也要注意主谓一致、人称一致和否定转移的问题。
    如:It is they who are our friends.
            It was not until ten o'clock that we got home last night.
    ⑤注意不要混淆强调句和其他从句。It is/was...that...为强调句标志,去掉后仍可组成一个完整的句子,只是没被强调,而其他从句一般不具备这一特征。
    比较:1)It was ten o'clock when we got home last night. 我们昨晚到家时已十点了。
                2)It was at ten o'clock that we got home last night. 我们昨晚是在十点到家的。
    第一句不是强调句,when不可改为that,因为去掉it was和that后,只能组成“We got home ten o'clock last night.”这样一个不完整的句子;第二句是强调句,that不可改为when。

  • 强调句型用法拓展:

    1、句首词用“It”,不能用“This”,“That”等。
    2、be动词的形式是is或was,不能用复数形式are或were。若原句的谓语动词用了现在时或将来时,则用is;
    若原句的谓语动词用了过去时或过去完成时,则用was。
    如:It___the Chinese women that___a great role in the socialist construction.
    A. is; plays
    B. are; play
    C .is; play
    D. are; plays
    答案:C 
    3、被强调的部分如果是代词,强调主语用主格,强调宾语用宾格。
    如:It is him that/who/whom I met in the street yesterday.
            It is I who/that am wrong.
    4、连接词一般用that,当强调部分是人时,既可用that也可用who。特别注意当强调部分是时间状语或地点状语时,不能用when或where。
    如:It was on Oct1st, 1949 that People's Republic of China was founded.
            It was at the gate____he told me the news.  
            A. that
            B. what
            C. which
            D. when
    答案:A
    5、主谓一致问题被强调的主语要和that后面的谓语动词在数上保持一致。
    如:It is Mary who often _____(help) me with my English. (helps)
            It is I that ____(be) against you. (am)
    6、not...until结构的强调。
    强调“not...until”引导的时间状语时,要用“it is/was not until...that...”结构,that后面的句子要用肯定式,且须用陈述句语序。 
    如:We did not get off the bus until it stopped. ?
            It was not until it stopped that we got off the bus. (注意:强调该结构时not until不能分开)

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