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题文
Oral English , also known as spoken English , is the form of English that is used when people are speaking to one another . Students who are learning English as a second language often feel uncomfortable using oral English because they fear that they will not be understood . It is important that a person who is learning to speak English practice using the language .   小题1:  
Listening is important to learning spoken English .    小题2:  Pay attention to conversations that happen around you while you are shopping . Watch the news every evening while you have supper .
Part of learning spoken English is in understanding how English words are formed . Watch the mouths and tongues of native English speakers carefully .                         小题3:    Notice how the lips form certain sounds . Imitate ( 模仿)what you see .
Rent movies over the weekend . Try to follow the story line of comedy shows .   小题4:    Not having to respond in English lets you concentrate on simply understanding what is being said . Understanding how English is used in conversation will help you to better communicate in the language .
  小题5:    When you are reading , pay more attention to the correct pronunciation of the words you are reading rather than comprehension of each word . Read easy books that were written for children . Reading simple books takes away the frustration of sounding out hard words .    
A.Read out loud for twenty to thirty minutes every day .
B.Listen to English radio while getting ready in the morning .
C.Observe how much the mouth is opened to say certain words .
D.Find a friend or teacher who is willing to help you learn English .
E. Repeat the conversations several times to increase your speaking speed .
F. Watching TV shows and movies allows you to hear English used in conversation .
G. The more a person practices his or her skills , the more easily speaking English will become .
题型:阅读理解难度:中档来源:不详
答案

小题1:G
小题2:B
小题3:C
小题4:F
小题5:A

试题分析:本文主要讲述的是我们在学习英语的时候一定要注意练习我们的口语,以及练习口语的多种不同的方法和要注意的方面。
小题1:G 根据前一句It is important that a person who is learning to speak English practice using the language .可知联系讲英语对于一个学习英语的人来说是非常重要的。接下来讲述的应该还是学习语言和练习的关系。故G正确。
小题2:B 根据前一句Listening is important to learning spoken English可知讲述的是在学习英语口语方面,听力的重要性。故接下来讲述的还是听力的话题。故B符合上下文。
小题3:C 根据前一句Watch the mouths and tongues of native English speakers carefully和横线后一句Notice how the lips form certain sounds . Imitate ( 模仿)what you see .说明在学习口语的时候,观察嘴型的重要性。故C正确。
小题4:F 根据本段第一句Rent movies over the weekend可知讲述的是通过看电影的形式来学习英语口语,故F项内容与之相符。
小题5:A 根据下一句When you are reading , pay more attention to the correct pronunciation of the words you are reading rather than comprehension of each word .可知本段讲述的是发音在练习口语方面的重要性。故A正确。
点评:本文主要讲述的是我们在学习英语的时候一定要注意练习我们的口语,以及练习口语的多种不同的方法和要注意的方面。本题的关键在于要根据上下文的语境来找出串联的信息点,把握上下文之间的逻辑关系,通过前后的意思连贯性及细致性用心的答题,定能完成的很好。
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序数词
考点名称:序数词
  • 序数词的概念:

    表示顺序的数称为序数词。如:first, second, third, fourth。

  • 序数词的构成与用法

    1、序数词的构成:
    ①一般来说,是由相应的基数词加词尾th构成。
       例:four+th→fourth
               six+th→sixth
               seven+th→seventh
               ten+th→tenth
    ②下面这些基数词在变为序数词时,有特殊的变化。
    例:one→first
            two→second
            three→third
            five→fifth
            eight→eighth
            nine→ninth
            twelve→twelfth
    ③十位整数序数词的构成方法是将基数词的词y变成i,然后再加eth。
    例:twenty→twentieth
            thirty→thirtieth
            forty→fortieth
            ninety→ninetieth
    ④两位或两位以上的基数词变成序数词时,仅将个位数变成序数词。
    例:twenty-one→twenty-first
            thirty-five→thirty-fifth
            a hundred and fifty-three→a hundred and fifty-third

    2、序数词的用法:
    ①序数词在使用时,一般加上定冠词。
    例:the first book
            the second floor
            the third day
            the fourth week.
    ②序数词在多数情况下都用作定语,有的也可以作表语、主语和宾语。
    例:The may1st is Labour Day. 五月一日是劳动节。
            My room is on the second floor. 我的房间在二楼。
            The first is larger than the secon.(主语)第一个比第二个大。
            Read the book from the first.(宾语)从开头读这本书。
            You'll be the sixth to write.(表语)你将是第六个写的。
    ③序数词的前面可以加上不定冠词,用来表示“再一”,“又一”的意思。
    例:You may have a third try. 你可以第三次尝试。

  • 序数词知识体系:

     

  • 约数的表达方法

    用tens/dozens/scores/hundreds/thousands/millions of 表示“几十、几百、上千、成千上万”等。
    如:The boy bought dozens of pencils.            
            Thousands of people died in the earthquake.
    注意: (A):dozen, score, hundred, thousand, million等表示确切数量时,不用复数。
    如:five dozen (of) eggs   五打鸡蛋
            hree hundred people  三百个人

    分数词的构成和用法:

    1)分数词构成法:
    分数词(FractionalNumerals)由基数词和序数词构成,基数词代表分子,序数词代表分母。除了分子为1的情况下,序数词都要用复数形式:
    如:1/4:one-fourth
            5/9:five-ninths
            2/3:two-thirds
           17/5:three and two-fifths
           7/12:seven-twelfths
           379/8:forty-seven and three-eighths
    此外还有下面表示法:
    如:1/2:a(one) half
            1/4:a(one) quarter
            3/4:three-quarters
            9/4:two and a quarter
            3/2:one and half
            31/4:seven and three quarters

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