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题文
A long time ago, in 1893, in the United States, some people were talking about fruits and vegetables. They asked, “What are fruits and what are vegetables? How are fruits different from vegetables and vegetables different from fruits?” They talked for a long time and then they decided, “We eat vegetables as part of a meal, but we eat fruits before or after a meal.”
In real life, people do not think the dictionaries give the right meaning of a word. For example, the dictionaries say that tomatoes are fruits. But few people know that. Most people think they are vegetables. They call them vegetables and eat them as vegetables. To most people, fruits mean sweet things like apples, pears, oranges and watermelons.
What are vegetables then? We call many plants and grasses vegetables. Some people think some fruits are vegetables, such as apples, pears and bananas. But to most people, vegetables mean things like potatoes, onions and carrots.
小题1:A long time ago, some people in the United States _______.
A.wanted to know what were fruits and vegetables
B.didn’t know when to eat fruits
C.didn’t think fruits were as good as vegetables
D.didn’t talk about fruits and vegetables
小题2:People usually eat vegetables _______.
A.before a mealB.after a mealC.aloneD.during a meal
小题3:What do most people think of fruits?
A.They are the same as vegetables.
B.They are sweet things.
C.They are like potatoes, onions and carrots.
D.They are only apples, pears, oranges and watermelons.
题型:阅读理解难度:中档来源:不详
答案

小题1:A
小题2:D
小题3:B

试题分析:这篇文章讲述了在很久之前,人们就在讨论蔬菜和水果,他们想知道什么是蔬菜和水果。
小题1:细节题。根据文章A long time ago, in 1893, in the United States, some people were talking about fruits and vegetables.很多年前,1893年,在美国,一些人在谈论水果和蔬菜。他们想知道水果和蔬菜是什么。故选A
小题2:细节题。根据文章We eat vegetables as part of a meal.可知,我们在吃饭的过程中吃蔬菜。故选D
小题3:细节题。根据文章To most people, fruits mean sweet things like apples, pears, oranges and watermelons.对大多数人来说,水果就是甜甜的东西,像苹果,梨,桔子和西瓜。故选B
点评:本文的理解不会出现大的问题,学生在解答此类题目时,首先把握好每段的第一句,尤其是第一段的第一句话,要对其进行仔细的理解,把握中心。本文中细节题在文章找到相对应的地方结合题目进行阅读,对于推断题要联系上下文结合作者的写作意图,在题目中选择最符合的答案。
据魔方格专家权威分析,试题“A long time ago, in 1893, in the United States, some people ..”主要考查你对  历史文化类阅读  等考点的理解。关于这些考点的“档案”如下:
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历史文化类阅读
考点名称:历史文化类阅读
  • 历史文化类阅读:
    本类题型常用的方式是夹叙夹议。叙述的目的是为了议,所以要把握其议才是主要方面。
    阅读这类文章,先弄清其引入的话题,再弄清里面人物对其不同的看法,然后理解作者本身对话题的观点看法或思考。

  • 初中英语阅读理解的解题技巧:
    一、要注意养成良好的阅读心理,阅读时要去掉杂念,心绪要安定,精神要专一,要形成一种惬意的顺向心理。
    切不可一遇到几个生词难句,就心烦意乱,失去自控能力。心理学家告诉我们,任何恐慌,过分紧张的情绪都会形成一种消极因素妨碍大脑的正常思维功能。
    因此,遇到困难一定要从容不迫,心无旁骛。这样才能对所读的文章印象清晰,理解深刻。

    二、要提高视读的速度,考阅读理解,从另一个方面来说,考的是考试速度。因此做阅读理解时,要注意培养自己快速阅读的习惯。
    切不可在个别难懂的词句上磨蹭,只要全篇理解了,个别难懂的词句可以根据上下文和构词法去猜测,去推断。

    三、对文章的评价分析,一定要坚持“词不离句,句不离篇”,要理解文章作者的原意,而不能按你自己的意愿去想当然。
    切记:一想当然,就会出错。
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