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题文
From the world’s heaviest apple, the oldest lady to the world’s smallest dog, these are all parts of a group of the world’s strangest people and things. And they are all in the Guinness Book of Records(《吉尼斯记录》).
The book is going to celebrate its birthday this August. It began exactly half a century ago. And it’s always one of the best selling books in the world.
People now can break over 1000 records every week! Why do so many people want to break the records? Do they want their names in the book or meet more people around the world? “It gives people a chance to show they’re the best in the world.” said one of the record keepers Stewart Newport.
The book was started by Hugh Beaver from Britain. In 1951, he went shooting birds and talked with his friends about the fastest bird in Europe. Three years later, they were still talking about it. So Beaver believed that people must have different ideas. So, he decided to start a book to record the world’s truly greatest people and things in it!
The newest book came out last Tuesday. This book has a lot of interesting records. Here are two:
☆ A British dog, Whitney, is the world’s smallest dog. It’s only 76mm tall.
☆ An American woman Lee Redmond has the longest fingernails(指甲).They grew as long as 600 mm! She made the record in 1971.
小题1:We can see everything in the Guinness Book of Records except         .
A.the heaviest fruits and vegetablesB.the smallest people and animals
C.the strangest people and thingsD.very ordinary people and things
小题2:The Guinness Book of Records has been one of the best selling books for           .
A.50 yearsB.76 yearsC.600 yearsD.1000 years
小题3:Newport thought many people tried to break Guinness records because       .
A.their names be kept in the world records.
B.their names could be seen by the whole world.
C.they could meet more people all over the world.
D.they could be known as the greatest by the world.
小题4: Which of the following is right according to the passage?
A.Newport started the Guinness Book of Records in Britain.
B.More than four thousand records are broken each month.
C.The Guinness Book of Records started in the year 1954.
D.The newest book of Guinness comes out every Tuesday.
小题5: The writer of this passage wants to         .
A.tell us the strangest records in the world
B.show us the beginning of the Guinness Book of Records
C.give us an introduction to the Guinness Book of Records
D.let us know the most interesting things in the world
题型:阅读理解难度:中档来源:不详
答案

小题1:D
小题2:A
小题3:D
小题4:C
小题5:C

试题分析:这篇短文主要介绍了尼斯世界纪录这本书记录的都是世界上最奇怪的人和事。它创建与1954年,至今都受人们的欢迎。
小题1:推理判断题。根据短文第一段From the world’s heaviest apple, the oldest lady to the world’s smallest dog, these are all parts of a group of the world’s strangest people and things.,可知吉尼斯世界纪录这本书记录的都是世界上最奇怪的人和事,故选D。
小题2:细节理解题。根据第二段It began exactly half a century ago. And it’s always one of the best selling books in the world.故选A
小题3:推理判断题。根据第三段“It gives people a chance to show they’re the best in the world.” said one of the record keepers Stewart Newport.故选D
小题4:推理判断题。根据第四段描述Three years later, they were still talking about it. So Beaver believed that people must have different ideas. So, he decided to start a book…,三年之后指1951之后的1954年,故选C
小题5:归纳理解题。根据短文描述可知作者主要给我们介绍了这本书的主要内容和来历。故选C
据魔方格专家权威分析,试题“From the world’s heaviest apple, the oldest lady to the wor..”主要考查你对  政治经济类阅读  等考点的理解。关于这些考点的“档案”如下:
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政治经济类阅读
考点名称:政治经济类阅读
  • 政治经济类阅读:
    该类文章时代气息浓郁,语言鲜活,但熟字新义词、超纲词及专业词语多,长句、难句多。
    政治类文章大多数是同学们感性趣的内容,读起来倒有似曾相识的感觉,经济类文章读起来就像是雾里看花,文章看完,一头雾水。
    再加之这类文章的命题侧重于词义猜测、推理判断和文章主旨,同学们对这类题材是望而生畏。
  • 政治经济类阅读注意:
    1、要做好这类阅读,平时就要注意了解国内外发生的政治经济大事,掌握一定背景知识;
    2、对这类文章的叙述特点及内容安排有一定了解,还要扩展这方面的词汇;
    3、阅读这类文章,要抓住文章的核心,即文章整体和各段主要在说什么,也要注意段落之间的逻辑关系。

    政治经济类阅读技巧:
    针对不同体裁的文章,我们要采取相应的阅读方法和技巧。政治类文章多采用记叙文形式,我们可采取“顺读法”,以便抓关键语句,领会文章主旨;而经济类文章则多采用说明文形式,我们则可以采取“逆读法”,先读试题,再从文章中查找有用信息。若遇到的确难读的材料。
    1. 寻找主干:
    根据英语中五种基本句型结构,把句子中的主语、谓语、宾语、表语等主要成分找出来,其他成分如定语、状语、补语等则易于理解。找到了句子主干,句子的意思至少明白了一半。
    2. 剔除从句:
    在一个长句中可能会出现若干个从句,在理解时,如果把各个从句剔除出来单独理解,然后把大意拼凑起来,整个长句的意思就会明白六、七分。
    3. 辨别分句:
    一个长句如果是由几个并列、转折、递进、对比关系的分句组成,句中往往有表示这些分句关系的连接词,只要能弄清楚分句和分句之间的逻辑关系,再把各层分句的意思加以连贯,整个长句的句意基本上能跃然脑中。
    4. 寻找关键词:
    如果一个句子看完,一点句意的感觉也没有,下下策就是抓住句中的关键词,通过关键词大体弄懂这个长句的意思。

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