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题文
阅读理解。
     In the United States, sixteen, eighteen and twenty-one are important ages in a person's life. There are no
special celebrations for these birthdays, but each is a time when a person can do new things. That shows
how she is no longer a child and has made the transition to adulthood.
     In the United States,after turning sixteen a person can work, get a driver's license, and leave home.
Sometimes the laws don't seem to make sense (表明): at eighteen people in the United States can have a vote
and join the army. But people are prohibited (禁止) from going into many nightclubs, buying drinks like beer
or wine until they are twenty-one.
     In many Latin American countries, a young woman's fifteenth birthday is important. At this age, she is no
longer considered to be a girl, but rather a woman. To mark this special day,families with fifteen-year-old
daughters have a celebration. The day begins with the young woman and her family going to church. Later,
there is a party and many guests are invited.
     In Japan, boys and girls are considered to be adults at the age of twenty. At this age, they are allowed by
law to vote, drink wine, and smoke. The second Monday in January is a national holiday called "Coming of
Age Day". On this day, twenty-year-olds celebrate by first going to a shrine (神庙) with their families. Later,
they listen to speeches given by city and school leaders. After that, many get together with family late into the
night.
     In some countries, birthday celebrations continue throughout adulthood. Some people celebrate their
fortieth and fiftieth birthdays, or the year when they retire, with a big party.
1. What does the word transition mean in Chinese?
A. 结束
B. 转变
C. 开始
D. 增加
2. In the USA, at which age can a person be allowed to drink wine?
A. Sixteen.
B. Eighteen.
C. Twenty.
D. Twenty-one.
3. Where do people regard a 15-year-old girl as a woman?
A. In Latin America. 
B. In Japan.
C. In the United States.
D. In Europe.
4. Which of the following activities is NOT mentioned on Coming of Age Day?
A. Going to a shrine. 
B. Listening to speeches.
C. Going to church. 
D. Getting together with family.
5. What's the main idea of the passage?
A. The age of adulthood is too young in some places but too old in others.
B. All over the world, people celebrate their each birthday till they retire.
C. There are special celebrations for 16th, 18th and 21st birthdays in every country.
D. There are special ages and celebrations that show a person is growing older.
题型:阅读理解难度:中档来源:湖北省中考真题
答案
1-5       BDACD
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历史文化类阅读
考点名称:历史文化类阅读
  • 历史文化类阅读:
    本类题型常用的方式是夹叙夹议。叙述的目的是为了议,所以要把握其议才是主要方面。
    阅读这类文章,先弄清其引入的话题,再弄清里面人物对其不同的看法,然后理解作者本身对话题的观点看法或思考。

  • 初中英语阅读理解的解题技巧:
    一、要注意养成良好的阅读心理,阅读时要去掉杂念,心绪要安定,精神要专一,要形成一种惬意的顺向心理。
    切不可一遇到几个生词难句,就心烦意乱,失去自控能力。心理学家告诉我们,任何恐慌,过分紧张的情绪都会形成一种消极因素妨碍大脑的正常思维功能。
    因此,遇到困难一定要从容不迫,心无旁骛。这样才能对所读的文章印象清晰,理解深刻。

    二、要提高视读的速度,考阅读理解,从另一个方面来说,考的是考试速度。因此做阅读理解时,要注意培养自己快速阅读的习惯。
    切不可在个别难懂的词句上磨蹭,只要全篇理解了,个别难懂的词句可以根据上下文和构词法去猜测,去推断。

    三、对文章的评价分析,一定要坚持“词不离句,句不离篇”,要理解文章作者的原意,而不能按你自己的意愿去想当然。
    切记:一想当然,就会出错。
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