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题文
Eating habits are different in many countries. The Chinese have a saying, “Eat good things for breakfast, eat a big meal for lunch, but eat less at dinner.” Many Americans agree that one should start the day with a good breakfast, but their ideas about lunch and dinner are different.
Most Americans only give themselves a short time for lunch. So they eat a small meal. After work they will have more time to eat a big dinner. Also a quiet dinner at home with all the family members talking about their day is a way to rest after a long, hard day of work.
Eating at restaurant is also different. In China, people like to talk and laugh while eating. Very often you can hear people talking and laughing loudly, and they are just having a good time. In America it is not like this. People want a quiet place where they can eat a good meal far away from the noise of the outside world. If some people are talking too loudly, the manager (经理) may come out and ask them to leave.
小题1:Which is the good way for keeping healthy in China?
A.Eating nothing for breakfast.
B.Eating less to lose weight.
C.Eating less at dinner.
D.Eating what you want.
小题2: How long do most Americans only give themselves for lunch?
A.The whole noon.B.A long time.
C.A short time.D.More time.
小题3:Is talking at table a way to rest in America?
A.Yes, it is. B.No, it isn’t.
C.No, they don’t talk.D.Having dinner in a restaurant.
小题4:What do people like doing when we are having a meal in China?
A.Having a rest.B.Eating quickly.
C.Only eating quietly.D.Talking and laughing.
小题5:What will the manager of the restaurant do if some people are talking too loudly in America?
A.Talk with them happily.B.Ask them to be quiet.
C.Let them go away.D.Do nothing.
题型:阅读理解难度:偏难来源:不详
答案

小题1:C
小题2:C
小题3:A
小题4:D
小题5:C

试题分析:这篇文章主要告诉我们饮食习惯在很多国家是不同的。中国有句谚语:“早饭要吃得好,午饭要吃得饱,晚饭要吃得少。”而美国人吃午饭的时间很短。中国人喜欢边吃边聊,美国人却是喜欢有一个安静的吃饭环境。
小题1:细节理解题。The Chinese have a saying, “Eat good things for breakfast, eat a big meal for lunch, but eat less at dinner.”句意:中国有句谚语:“早饭要吃得好,午饭要吃得饱,晚饭要吃得少。”由此可知,这是中国的养生之道。故选C。
小题2:细节理解题。根据Most Americans only give themselves a short time for lunch.句意:绝大多数美国人只给自己很短的时间吃午饭。可知应选C。
小题3:推理判断题。根据Also a quiet dinner at home with all the family members talking about their day is a way to rest after a long, hard day of work.句意在家里安安静静地吃饭,和家人一起聊聊这一天也是辛苦劳累后的一种休息方式。可知在餐桌上聊天在美国也是一种休息。故选A。
小题4:细节理解题。根据In China, people like to talk and laugh while eating.句意:在中国,人们喜欢边吃边聊边笑。故选D。
小题5: 细节理解题。根据If some people are talking too loudly, the manager (经理) may come out and ask them to leave.句意:如果有人说话声音太响,经理会走出来叫他们离开。可知应选C。
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    再加之这类文章的命题侧重于词义猜测、推理判断和文章主旨,同学们对这类题材是望而生畏。
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    政治经济类阅读技巧:
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    1. 寻找主干:
    根据英语中五种基本句型结构,把句子中的主语、谓语、宾语、表语等主要成分找出来,其他成分如定语、状语、补语等则易于理解。找到了句子主干,句子的意思至少明白了一半。
    2. 剔除从句:
    在一个长句中可能会出现若干个从句,在理解时,如果把各个从句剔除出来单独理解,然后把大意拼凑起来,整个长句的意思就会明白六、七分。
    3. 辨别分句:
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    4. 寻找关键词:
    如果一个句子看完,一点句意的感觉也没有,下下策就是抓住句中的关键词,通过关键词大体弄懂这个长句的意思。

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